What is deforestation? Definition, Causes, Effects - GeeksforGeeks (2023)

The British administered the rules governing the use of forests and remote areas. Timberland Society and Colonialism alludes to the Act of the British Parliament which enacted regulations restricting the use of forests and wooden objects by Indian farmers. They felt that the Native American farmland hampered the area's forestry front, which was critical to Crown revenue.

The British colonized India for financial development. There is no doubt that his only intention was to exhaust all the riches of the English crown. The world was in the midst of a state of constant conflict and common unrest. Forests and forest objects formed a significant part of the objects expected to fight conflicts, for example, paper, cardboard, plant remains and medicinal trees, etc. The weight of currently arable land has increased and, as a result, farmers have cleared and leveled areas to create land for development. This is to prevent the Forestry Companies Act from being used under the guise of monetary policy to guarantee forest cover and impose heavy taxes on rural land.


Deforestation usually means cutting down trees, be they forests, vacant lots or trees that we regularly see on our way to school. Normal forests are destroyed to free up land for development, building houses, farming, logging, calculating chunks from dairy cows, drilling for oil, mining, building dams, or harvesting wood to make furniture and use it as fuel. Timberland wood has been a staple for us since the time of human progress and is still the main access point for some purposes in our daily lives. Trees help keep up with the water cycle and provide shelter for organic beings. Occurs in a space densely populated by trees and commonly seen in forests such as the Amazon jungle. Remote forests cover nearly 30% of the world's territory.

Why deforestation?

The loss of forest cover affects biodiversity and therefore harms the lives of groups of people. The reduction of forests is causing widespread problems, such as soil degradation, reduced productivity, floods, disruption of the water cycle, release of substances that deplete the ozone layer, changes in climate conditions and loss of biodiversity. The causes of deforestation are:

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Illegal logging practices are extremely common and kill the vocations of those who depend on forests. Wood-based businesses such as paper, matches, and furniture require significant levels of wood supplies. Wood is most commonly used for fuel, so large numbers of trees are cut down for fuel supplies. Firewood and charcoal are used as fuel.

(Video) Deforestation | Causes , Effects and Solution | #study

The felling or felling of trees in forests to collect wood for timber, items or fuel is a major contributor to deforestation. Logging affects the climate in many ways. As huge trucks and equipment must pass through the forest to reach the trees and transport the timber, loggers have to clear large areas for roads. Special logging, cutting only the most important trees, does not improve the situation, as the fall of one tree can knock down many surrounding trees and reduce the forest's protective shade. The forest sanctuary is vital to the forest environment, housing and protecting plants, creatures and beetle populations. It also protects the forest floor, which slows soil decomposition.

agricultural activities

Horticulture also drives deforestation. Farmers clear land for crops or dairy cattle, and often clear parts of the land using slash-and-burn methods to fell trees for later consumption. Temporary farmers clear an area of ​​forest and use it until the land is considered too degraded for cultivation. So at that point they move forward and clear another patch of forest. Unwanted land, as long as it is intact, will eventually be reforested, but it will take many, many years to return to its original state. The conversion of wild forests to rural land is a fundamental justification for deforestation. Due to the growing interest in food, many trees are cut down for crops and for cows to eat. Over 40% of forests are being cleared to reclaim land and address agricultural and logging issues.


Mining also leads to deforestation. Extraction of coal, jewels or veins requires the evacuation of all forested areas, both for mines and for trucks and ironworks. Venezuela recently refused permission for a company called Crystallex to mine amid natural concerns. Oil and coal mining requires a large amount of remote land. Road development leads to deforestation by making way to a remote country. Waste generated during mining pollutes the climate and affects nearby species.

Palm oil has recently been investigated for its true potential as a biofuel and is used in many concentrated food sources and high value products. Anyway, palm oil is another reason for deforestation. Its rising cost makes it more important, and as a result, farmers in Indonesia and Malaysia are cutting down swaths of trees to collect it. Therefore, some nations are currently discussing the restriction of palm oil as a biofuel.

(Video) Deforestation | Causes, Effects & Solutions | Video for Kids


Urbanization is a reason for deforestation. Deforestation, for example, refers to the clearing of forested regions around the world that are lost to various uses such as agricultural land cultivation, urbanization or mining. Hugely accelerated by human activities since around 1960, deforestation has adversely affected normal biological systems, biodiversity and the environment.

As the population develops, the needs of the individual increase, further driving deforestation. Forest therapists often meet requirements to improve roads, improve houses, duplicate mineral trade and expand business. Growing population directly impacts forest areas, as additional land is needed for housing and settlement as urban communities develop.

wood production

One of the main drivers of deforestation is timber development. There is a lot of interest in wood, which increases deforestation. It is a source of unrefined substance that is used for developing paper and furthermore for developing.

Wood or cellulose for the furniture or paper industry is felled from especially old trees. Any frame used to cut wood seriously harms the environment and this damage will be amplified by the development of roads provided for vehicles and to transport the cut wood to its destination. Likewise, many other economically unsavory trees that have significant natural and environmental value are felled.

(Video) Deforestation: Facts, Causes & Effects

forest fires

We lose a huge amount of trees every year due to forest fires in different parts of the world. This happens due to outrageous summers and winters. Fire caused by man or nature causes great loss of wooden roof.

sample questions

Question 1: What is deforestation?


Deforestation is the huge scope of dumping trees to work with human practices. It raised real ecological concerns, including the lack of a normal natural environment for living things, soil degradation and lack of biodiversity.

Question 2: What causes the log?

(Video) Climate 101: Deforestation | National Geographic


It is driven by interest in wood, paper and ancillary items including packaging. Another reason for illegal logging is the conversion of virgin wood. The transformation of the hinterland is the release of normal forests for various purposes, mainly rural, but also for mining, foundation or development.

Question 3: What influences deforestation due to mining?


Mining is one of the main drivers of deforestation. The natural impacts of mining include soil degradation, sinkhole formation, loss of biodiversity and contamination of soil, groundwater and surface water by synthetic compounds from mining processes.

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(Video) Deforestation Effects on Climate


1. The Tragedy Of Deforestation | Climate Change: The Facts | BBC Earth
(BBC Earth)
2. Causes and Effects of Climate Change | National Geographic
(National Geographic)
3. Economic, Environmental & Social Effect of Biofuels | Environmental | Chemistry | FuseSchool
(FuseSchool - Global Education)
4. How to learn English: Cause and Effect
5. Rainforest Deforestation
(Inspire Education)


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