Information and Technology | ICT in Education | Limits of ICT in eGovernment (2023)

ICT stands for information and communication technologies. The term gives information technology (IT) a broader meaning. IT refers to all communication technologies that allow information to be accessed, retrieved, stored, transmitted and modified digitally.

LowUPSC Mains GS 3 Syllabus, the topic "ICT" can be elaborated according to the following sub-topics:

  • Science and technology - developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Indian Achievements in Science and Technology; Indigenization of technology and development of new technologies.
  • Awareness in the areas of IT, computer science.

SinceIAS examFrom this point of view, this article provided information about ICT in education and the limits of ICT in e-government. Brief data on types of ICT skills and ICT use are also mentioned.

Candidates should attempt to include this information in their UPSC Mains responses.

To complement your preparation for the nextPublic announcement, see the following links:
  • UPSC questionnaires for the previous year
  • Scientific and technological problems in the UPSC preliminary rounds
  • Stay up to date
  • Download UPSC Notices PDF (Free)
  • Take the IAS mock tests
  • Download NCERT Notices for UPSC PDF (Free)
  • PDF of the UPSC pre-queries by topic
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  • Difference between items for UPSC verification
(Video) What is e-Government?

What are ICT in everyday life?

ICT is also used to indicate the convergence of media technology such as audiovisual and telephone networks with computer networks through a unified cabling system (including signal distribution and management) or interconnection system. However, there is no universally accepted definition of ICT, considering that ICT concepts, methods and tools are evolving almost daily.

Examples of ICT in everyday life are listed below:

  1. Email: refers to ICT in online communication.
  2. E-Commerce – / Refers to ICT in business
  3. Internet banking: refers to ICT in the banking sector
  4. E-government: refers to ICT in administration
  5. E-learning: refers to ICT in learning.

ICT in Education - India

Currently, the central government has included ICT in schools as part of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, a national secondary education campaign.

Initiatives to integrate ICT into education are listed below:

(Video) MILE e-Government - Introducing ICT in Government by Prof. Riedl Reinhard of Bern Univ P-(1/4)

    • Ministry of Education and NPTEL, IIT Madras with the help of Google Inc. and Persistent Systems Ltd developed this platform.
    • The platform is based on the three basic principles of Indian education policy: access, equity and quality.
    • Providing all courses from grade 9 to postgraduate online for everyone for free.
    • The learning material formats provided on this platform are:
      • video conference
      • Specially prepared reading material for downloading/printing
      • Self-assessment tests through tests and questionnaires
      • An online discussion forum to ask questions
    • The nine national coordinators who help ensure the quality of the content are:
      • AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education) for international and individualized courses
      • NPTEL (National Technology Enhanced Learning Program) for engineering
      • UGC (University Scholarship Commission) for non-technical postgraduate education
      • CEC (Educational Communication Consortium) for undergraduate teaching
      • NCERT (National Council for Educational Research and Training) for school education
      • NIOS (National Institute for Open Education) for school education
      • IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University) for out-of-school students
      • IIMB (Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore) for management studies
      • NITTTR (National Institute for Training and Research of Technical Teachers) für das Lehrerausbildungsprogramm
    • Students earning a SWAYAM certificate must pay a fee to register for proctored final exams. The exams will take place at a designated location. '
  2. i-Share for India
    • It is an initiative initiated by the Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD) to invite interested groups/agencies/organizations/municipalities to participate in establishing an educational resource fund for school and teacher training.
    • It enables contributions in the form of mobile apps/web-based ICT supplemental resources in any Indic language for school education or teacher training.
  3. Shaala siddhi
    • It is a national school standards and evaluation program.
    • It is an initiative of the National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA).
    • It runs under the auspices of the MHRD.
    • It works to assess school performance using the school scoreboard called "e-Samiksha".
  4. Shaala Darpan
    • It is used to monitor primary and secondary schools.
  5. Summary of the portal
    • It is a web portal launched in 2015 by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
    • The main goal of Saransh is to promote ICT in education in schools.
    • It is a self-assessment tool for schools and parents.
    • It is considered in accordance with theIndian digitalInitiative.
    • It is intended to grant access to all eBooks of all classes.
  6. e-Pathshala
    • It is an initiative to provide online educational resources for students, teachers, educators and parents, developed by NCERT and the Central Institute of Educational Technology (CIET).
    • It is available as an app on Google Play and the Windows App Store.
    • Among other educational resources it offers,
      • CERT textbooks for grades 1-12
      • NCERT Audiovisual Resources
      • newspapers
      • additions
      • teaching modules and
      • A variety of other printed and unprinted materials
  7. Digital gender atlas
    • It was designed to use specific gender indicators of education to identify geographic vulnerabilities for girls, particularly from marginalized groups such as high-level castes, high-level tribes, and Muslim minorities.
  8. School GIS
    • It is a portal launched in 2016 that allows to find the geographic coordinates of the school in the countries.
    • A map shows school information by village, district, taluka, and classification.
ICT in schools - historical context
  • The 1986 National Education Policy emphasized the need for educational technology to improve educational attainment in schools.
  • Two centrally sponsored programs that guided the focus of NEP 1986 were:
    • Educational Technology (ET) and
    • Literacy and Computer Studies in Schools (KLASSE)
  • In 1998, an IT task force set up by the Prime Minister recommended the introduction of IT in the education sector.
  • Gyan Darshan was established in 2000.
  • GyanVani, an educational radio channel, was launched in 2001
  • Vidyavahini, a project to enable IT-enabled and IT-enabled education in 60,000 schools in three years, started in 2002.
  • India's first dedicated education satellite called EduSat was launched in 2004.
  • In 2005, NCERT presented the National Curriculum Framework, which recommended the inclusion of ICT in school curricula.
  • The ICT in Schools program was launched in 2004 and has improved ICT skills among secondary school students.

Related topics:

Development of Indian educational policyIndian education system
Samagra Shiksha AbhiyanSarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
Annual Education Report (ASER)School Education Quality Index (SEQI)

Before reading further about ICT in e-government and its limitations, for the sake of clarity, you should familiarize yourself with IT-related topics. Candidates can get informationcomputer science knowledgefrom the given link.

ICT in E-Government

Information and communication technologies are a fundamental aspect when it comes to e-government. It has the potential to make life easier (or harder) for the average population if properly adapted. For now, the information below focuses on the limitations and benefits of ICT in governance.

(Video) (Applications of ICT) E Government Services [ Samith Tharuka ]

Overview of ICT in Governance

Information and communication technologies play a key role in e-government. By carefully analyzing the data, the government can make political and socio-economic decisions. Successful implementation of ICT will provide a comprehensive solution to most, if not all, of India's governance problems.

In India, e-government applications have recently shown their positive impact in minimizing processing costs, increasing transparency and supporting economic development through income-generating companies, increasing agricultural production and improving health and education sectors, all of which are conducive to the overall quality of life of Indians.

To learn more about theImportance of e-governance, visit the linked article

Limits and benefits of ICT in governance


(Video) MILE e-Government - Introducing ICT in Government by Prof. Riedl Reinhard of Bern Univ P-(3/4)

The following are the limitations of ICT in governance

  • This shift in bureaucratic culture might also find a similar response, as bureaucracies, increasingly reluctant to open up, can create many obstacles to ensure that the power they wield over the information they control is not diminished by that they are made public. fluid.
  • In addition, the openness and transparency in administration that such activities strive for would also be feared by those groups of workers who do not want to be shamed for their inefficiency.
  • Another limitation is the scarcity of funds, as with most public institutions in India. Precisely for this reason, such projects must be viewed as public-private initiatives that attract business people to invest in them.
  • A standalone computer is useless and an injustice to its inherent capabilities. These computers, which speak unconsciously without human intervention, are the key to administrative reform. It is also important that once the databases have been prepared and configured, any additional transactions must be routed through the database so that the database is routinely and accidentally updated and remains relevant and dynamic at all times.


The advantages of ICT in governance are the following:

  • Greater transparency as the public can be informed of government decisions and policies.
  • The efficiency of the current system as it would cost the same money and time. Better facilitation of communication between governments and companies will be possible.
  • Society is moving towards mobile connectivity and the ability for an e-government service to be accessible to citizens regardless of their location in the country offers the next and potentially greatest benefit of an e-government service as we live in it what it is now called knowledge. it was.


The nightmare of most government databases is that they are run by people, not systems, and therefore most are never updated when people leave. It is therefore vital that this process is ingrained in the department's bloodstream and that transactions are invariably made through the database and updated without conscious effort. In addition, common databases for different departments need a lot of attention and promotion. There should be centralized maintenance of databases at different strategic levels. Last but not least; Achieving this in a very short time will require strong political and administrative will.


Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) - UPSC Notes:-Download PDF here

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How is ICT used in e-governance? ›

E-governance service through ICT refer to transactional services that involve local , state or national government. ICT acts in speeding up the flow of information and knowledge between government and citizen and transforming the way in which government and citizen interact.

What is the importance of ICT to government? ›

Lower administrative costs; enable appropriate responses to requests and queries; provide access to all departments and levels of government; foster a better governance capability; and facilitate the government-to-business interface.

What is ICT in e-Government? ›

Electronic government (or e-Government) is the application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to government functions and procedures with the purpose of increasing efficiency, transparency and citizen participation.

What is the use of ICT in e education? ›

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) can impact student learning when teachers are digitally literate and understand how to integrate it into curriculum. Schools use a diverse set of ICT tools to communicate, create, disseminate, store, and manage information.

What is the impact of ICT in E-Government? ›

ICTs in the e-government context may be a cost-effective and easy way of ensuring open and transparent government, which leads to reduced corruption in systems (Bertot et al., 2010).

What is the role of ICT in education and e governance? ›

Use of ICT in the governance process provides access of information and services to the citizens and thus encourages the participation of citizens in the administrative process.

What are the 5 importance of ICT? ›

Information and communications technology (ICT) plays a profound role in any business growth. It improves employee communication, automates many business operations, and enhances the transparency of your projects. That will enhance client and employee satisfaction, increase profits, and give you a chance to grow.

How ICT developments change the field of government? ›

E-Government is the use of information and communication technology (ICT) to enable more efficient, cost-effective, and participatory government, facilitate more convenient government services, allow greater public access to information, and make government more accountable to citizens.

How ICT helps our economy? ›

ICT enables economic growth by broadening the reach of technologies such as high-speed Internet, mobile broadband, and computing; expanding these technolo- gies itself creates growth, and the fact that technologies make it easier for people to interact and make workers more productive creates additional benefits.

What is the positive impact of ICT on education? ›

It improves the effectiveness of education. It aids literacy movements. It enhances scope of education by facilitating mobile learning and inclusive education. It facilitates research and scholarly communication.

What is an example of ICT in education? ›

Electronic textbooks, instructional software, email, chat, and distance learning programs are also examples of ICT.

Where is ICT used in education? ›

ICT equips audio-visual teaching methods, which boost learners' knowledge retention and interest levels. But ICT in education system is not limited to resource-based teaching. Educators can also create interactive on-screen and off-screen tasks using ICT.

How ICT plays an important role in student evaluation? ›

ICT provides opportunities for students to create electronic versions of their portfolio. ICT can also support students to complete their project. It is essential for teachers to realise that the rubric used to assess e-portfolios and projects must also assess students' technology use.

What is the most important impact of ICT? ›

The effects of these technologies are holistic in the everyday life of the population of children and adolescents: they affect their schooling, physical and mental health, entertainment, socio-cultural development , political life, among other aspects.

Which is the most important role played by ICT in education? ›

The intervention of information and communication technology is redefining the way students learn. It is making the process of learning more efficient and effective for students and teachers. ICT tools in education make it easier for teachers to use the best strategies to bring out the best in their students.

Why is ICT important answer? ›

Importance of ICT

ICT permeates all aspects of life, providing newer, better, and quicker ways for people to interact, network, seek help, gain access to information, and learn.

What is the importance of ICT in classroom? ›

ICT helps pupils to develop new skills and become more creative. ICT stimulates the development of imagination as well as initiative. It is a valuable tool for producing work, both in terms of content and form. It improves pupils' academic performance as their classroom experience also improves substantially.

What is the meaning of ICT in education? ›

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education is the mode of education that use information and communications technology to support, enhance, and optimise the delivery of information. Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to an improved student learning and better teaching methods.

How important is ICT to e-governance and e development? ›

ICT causes developing of transparency, government accountability and reducing corruption. E-Government uses ICT for the development of more efficient and more economical government.

What are the key technologies supporting e-Government? ›

1 What is e-Government? E-Government is the use of a range of information technologies, such as the Wide Area Networks, Internet, and Mobile Computing, by government agencies to transform government operations in order to improve effectiveness, efficiency, service delivery and to promote democracy.

What is the impact of ICT in development? ›

Information and communication technology (ICT) has accelerated the growth of the global economy and improved the quality life of the world's inhabitants. ICT has brought new ways of creating livelihoods for people. The diffusion of ICT has also increased year by year and made it possible to reduce poverty.

What is the impact of ICT on economic growth and development? ›

As a result, ICT creates added value at the firm level and at the sectoral level and therefore leads to the improvement of productivity and economic growth at the country level (Quah 2002; Aghaei and Rezagholizadeh 2017).

What ICT means? ›

“ICT” means Information and Communication Technology and refers to the combination of manufacturing and services industries that capture, transmit and display data and information electronically (OECD 2002: 18; SAITIS 2000: 3)”

What is ICT explain? ›

Information and communication technologies (ICT) is defined as a diverse set of technological tools and resources used to transmit, store, create, share or exchange information.

How do you define ICT *? ›

ICT, or information and communications technology (or technologies), is the infrastructure and components that enable modern computing.

What are the 3 main types of ICT? ›

ICTs fall into four main categories: computing and information technology, broadcasting, telecommunications and internet.


1. Application of ICT (E-government)
2. MILE e-Government - Introducing ICT in Government by Prof. Riedl Reinhard of Bern Univ P-(4/4)
(Mile Madinah)
3. The role of ICT in education
4. ICT in Government | Opportunities
(Tenderzville Portal)
5. The Director of ICT and E-government
(MG911 By Koowi Technology)
6. KOICA-GNB ICT Education Project || Documentary
(Good Neighbors Bangladesh)


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